Right here’s a take a look at the lifetime of Elizabeth II, Queen of the UK and different Commonwealth realms.
Start date: April 21, 1926
Start place: London, England
Start title: Elizabeth Alexandra Mary
Father: King George VI
Mom: Queen Elizabeth
Marriage: Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (November 20, 1947-present)
Youngsters: Edward, Earl of Wessex (March 10, 1964); Andrew, Duke of York (February 19, 1960); Anne, Princess Royal (August 15, 1950); Charles, Prince of Wales (November 14, 1948)
Grandchildren: By Prince Charles and Princess Diana: Prince William and Prince Henry (known as Harry); By Princess Anne and Mark Phillips: Peter Phillips and Zara Phillips; By Prince Andrew and Sarah Ferguson: Princess Beatrice and Princess Eugenie; By Prince Edward and Sophie Rhys-Jones: Woman Louise Windsor and James Windsor, Viscount Severn
Nice-Grandchildren: By Zara Phillips Tindall: Mia Grace, Lena Elizabeth and Lucas Philip; By Prince William: George Alexander Louis, Charlotte Elizabeth Diana and Louis Arthur Charles; By Peter Phillips: Savannah and Isla; By Prince Harry: Archie Harrison Mountbatten-Windsor; By Princess Eugenie: August Philip Hawke Brooksbank
She is called after her mom Queen Elizabeth, her paternal great-grandmother Queen Alexandra and her paternal grandmother Queen Mary.
She was not declared the inheritor obvious when her uncle, King Edward VIII, abdicated due to the potential for a male inheritor.
When World Battle II started, she was a Lady Information (British Lady Scouts) and went by means of the identical coaching as the opposite Lady Guides her age.
Official title after March 26, 1953: Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of the UK of Nice Britain and Northern Eire and of Her different Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Religion.
She is the sixth feminine to ascend to the British throne and the longest-reigning monarch. In September 2015, she surpassed the report set by her great-great-grandmother Queen Victoria, who dominated for 63 years, seven months.
Might 29, 1926 – Princess Elizabeth Alexandra Mary, third in line to the throne, is christened. She is the primary royal little one to be christened within the chapel at Buckingham Palace and wears a robe made from lace worn by Queen Elizabeth I.
December 11, 1936 – Elizabeth turns into inheritor presumptive when her father turns into King George VI, after the abdication of his brother King Edward VIII.
Might 12, 1937 – Elizabeth attends the coronation of her dad and mom, King George VI and Queen Consort Elizabeth. She is the primary feminine inheritor presumptive to see her dad and mom topped.
1939 – World Battle II breaks out. Elizabeth strikes, together with her sister, to the Royal Lodge at Windsor Citadel. That is considered the time interval when Elizabeth meets Prince Philip of Greece.
1942 – King George VI makes Elizabeth an honorary colonel within the Grenadier Guards, a regiment of the British Military.
April 21, 1942 – Elizabeth makes her official public debut with a overview of 500 members of the Grenadier Guards at Windsor Palace.
1944 – Elizabeth is made a member of the Privy Council and the Council of State. She is now in a position to act for the king throughout his absence from the nation.
July 10, 1947 – King George VI and Queen Elizabeth announce Elizabeth’s engagement to Prince Philip of Greece, a lieutenant within the British Navy.
November 20, 1947 – Princess Elizabeth marries Philip. After turning into a British citizen and renouncing his Greek title, Philip turns into His Royal Highness Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. Elizabeth turns into the Duchess of Edinburgh.
February 6, 1952 – King George VI dies of lung most cancers, and Elizabeth ascends to the throne.
April 11, 1952 – The Queen decrees that she and her descendants will proceed to make use of the surname Windsor, first adopted by the British royal household throughout World Battle I.
June 2, 1953 – Coronation takes place at Westminster Abbey.
October 16-22, 1957 – Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip make their first state go to to the USA, and she or he addresses the Basic Meeting of the United Nations.
Might 14, 1965 – Queen Elizabeth II dedicates a memorial and one acre of land at Runnymede to the USA as a memorial to President John F. Kennedy.
June 13, 1981 – An adolescent, Marcus Simon Sarjeant, fires six blanks on the Queen whereas she is using on horseback by means of London. He’s arrested and charged with treason.
July 9, 1982 – A person will get previous safety at Buckingham Palace and encounters the Queen in her bed room.
Might 16, 1991 – The Queen addresses a joint session of the US Congress, the primary British monarch to take action.
November 24, 1992 – At a luncheon commemorating her fortieth anniversary on the throne, the Queen declares 1992 as an “Annus Horribilis.” That 12 months marked the separation of the Duke and Duchess of York, the divorce of Princess Anne and Mark Phillips, the growing estrangement of the Prince and Princess of Wales, and a fireplace at Windsor Citadel.
November 26, 1992 – Prime Minister John Main publicizes that the Queen will start paying taxes on her private revenue. Her private fortune is estimated to be $11.7 billion.
April 1993 – Taxation of the Queen and Prince Charles goes into impact with the availability that they might “opt-out” of the settlement at any time after April 1994.
August 1993 – Buckingham Palace is opened to the general public for the primary time. Cash raised from the excursions is to assist pay for the restoration of Windsor Citadel.
December 1995 – After heavy media protection of the estrangement and affairs of Prince Charles and Diana, Princess of Wales, the Queen urges them to divorce.
1997 – Addresses the nation through stay tv to specific grief over the loss of life of Princess Diana.
1998 – Endorses a plan to finish gender discrimination within the line of succession for the throne.
2002 – The Queen celebrates her Golden Jubilee, or fiftieth anniversary, on the throne.
December 2006 – The Queen points her annual Christmas broadcast stay for the primary time since 1960.
Might 3-8, 2007 – The Queen and Prince Philip go to the USA for the four-hundredth anniversary of America’s first settlement by a British firm in Jamestown in 1607. They attend the Kentucky Derby on Might 5 and a State Dinner on the White Home on Might 7.
April 2, 2009 – Meets Michelle Obama at Buckingham Palace and the women are photographed with their arms round each other. This causes a lot of media consideration as touching the queen just isn’t a typical incidence.
July 6, 2010 – Addresses the Basic Meeting of the United Nations for the second time.
April 21, 2011 – On the Queen’s eighty fifth birthday, the palace releases the Queen’s official consent, the Instrument of Consent, to the marriage of Prince William and Kate Middleton. By regulation, the Royal Marriages Act of 1772, the monarch should consent to most royal marriages.
Might 17, 2011 – Makes the primary state go to to the Republic of Eire by a British monarch.
February 6-June 5, 2012 – Celebrations happen all through the UK and the Commonwealth for the Queen’s Diamond Jubilee, or sixtieth anniversary, on the throne. Festivities embrace a 1,000-boat flotilla alongside the River Thames and a live performance at Buckingham Palace.
November 20, 2012 – The Queen and Prince Philip have a good time their sixty fifth wedding ceremony anniversary.
December 18, 2012 – Queen Elizabeth II attends a cupboard assembly at 10 Downing St, marking the tip of the celebration of her Diamond Jubilee. It’s the first time a British monarch has attended a cupboard assembly in additional than 100 years.
March 3-4, 2013 – Is admitted to King Edward VII’s Hospital after experiencing signs of gastroenteritis. She is launched the next day.
June 2, 2013 – Providers at Westminster Abbey mark the sixtieth anniversary of the Queen’s coronation.
June 20, 2013 – The Royal Ascot signature race is received by Estimate, the Queen’s horse. The Gold Cup win makes the Queen the primary reigning British monarch to win Ascot’s largest race.
April 8, 2014 – The Queen hosts a state dinner for Eire’s president Michael D. Higgins and his spouse Sabina. Additionally in attendance are actors Daniel Day-Lewis and Dame Judi Dench. Martin McGuinness, former IRA commander and present Northern Eire’s Deputy First Minister, additionally attends.
March 2, 2015 – The Royal Mint reveals a newly designed portrait of the Queen that shall be used on cash in the UK. The brand new royal coinage will make 2015 a classic 12 months.
June 24-26, 2015 – The Queen visits Germany, assembly with Chancellor Angela Merkel and stressing the significance of unity in Europe throughout a speech. The Queen says, “We all know that division in Europe is harmful and that we should guard towards it within the west, in addition to within the east of our continent. That is still a standard endeavor.” On her final day in Germany, the Queen visits the positioning of the Bergen-Belsen focus camp and meets with Holocaust survivors, in addition to WWII veterans who helped liberate the camp.
July 18, 2015 – The Solar newspaper in Britain stirs up controversy, publishing a 1933 picture of the Queen as a baby apparently elevating her hand in a Nazi salute. The image is a display seize from a non-public house film that was shot when the Queen was about 6 years previous and it depicts her enjoying together with her siblings. A supply near the royal household tells CNN, “Most individuals will see these footage of their correct context and time. It is a household enjoying and momentarily referencing a gesture many would have seen from modern information reels.”
September 9, 2015 – Turns into the longest reigning monarch in British historical past.
March 9, 2016 – In gentle of a Buckingham Palace criticism to the Unbiased Press Requirements Group over a front-page article in The Solar headlined, “Queen backs Brexit,” the palace points an announcement insisting the Queen is impartial on whether or not the UK ought to vote to depart the European Union — a improvement broadly referred to within the press as “Brexit,” or “British exit.”
March 2, 2018 – Paperwork are launched confirming and describing an assassination try on the Queen by a New Zealand teenager in 1981.
April 15, 2018 – Loses the final descendant of her authentic corgi when 14-year-old Willow is put down following a battle with most cancers, in response to UK media studies. Whereas the Queen nonetheless reportedly owns a number of different canine, Willow was the one remaining descendant of Susan, the unique corgi given to then-Princess Elizabeth on her 18th birthday in 1944.
January 24, 2019 – In a speech to Sandringham’s Girls’s Institute, the Queen requires respecting of different view factors and searching for widespread floor. She states, “As we search for new solutions within the trendy age, I for one favor the tried and examined recipes, like talking nicely of one another and respecting completely different factors of view; coming collectively to hunt out the widespread floor; and by no means shedding sight of the larger image.” Her feedback are seen as a message to lawmakers amid Brexit divisions.
January 18, 2020 – Buckingham Palace publicizes that Harry and Meghan, the Duke and Duchess of Sussex, are now not working members of the royal household. As a part of the settlement, the couple shall be required to step again from their royal duties, together with army appointments, and now not characterize the Queen. The couple may also repay the Sovereign Grant funds they not too long ago spent to renovate their official residence at Frogmore Cottage — £2.4 million (about $3 million) of British taxpayers’ cash.
April 5, 2020 – Makes a uncommon nationwide deal with to the nation in a pre-recorded video calling for unity amid the coronavirus pandemic. “This time we be part of with all nations throughout the globe in a standard endeavor, utilizing the nice advances of science and our instinctive compassion to heal.”
1. The Prince of Wales, Prince Charles, son of Queen Elizabeth II (1948)
2. The Duke of Cambridge, Prince William, son of Prince Charles (1982)
3. Prince George of Cambridge, son of Prince William (2013)
4. Princess Charlotte of Cambridge, daughter of Prince William (2015)
5. Prince Louis of Cambridge, son of Prince William (2018)
6. The Duke of Sussex, Prince Harry, son of Prince Charles (1984)
7. Archie Mountbatten-Windsor, son of Prince Harry (2019)
8. The Duke of York, Prince Andrew, son of Queen Elizabeth II (1960)
9. Princess Beatrice of York, daughter of Prince Andrew (1988)
10. Princess Eugenie of York, daughter of Prince Andrew (1990)